Catalina “Kiki” Mackaman-Lofland is a first year Ph.D. student in Modern European History. She is interested in the history of French colonialism in the nineteenth century and the French civilizing mission in North Africa in particular. Kiki received her B.A. in History with Honors from Barnard College of Columbia University in 2016. The topic of her B.A. thesis was republican conceptions of the French civilizing mission in Algeria in the late nineteenth century.