Environment, Health, Technology, and Science (EHTS)

The OSU History Department offers a graduate program in the history of environment, health, technology, and science (EHTS). This programme has great chronological, geographical, and thematic breadth. Our faculty members work on (and teach) environmental history, the histories of medicine and public health, the history of technology, climate history, water history, urban history, food history, deep history, Big history, the history of science, energy history and the history of capitalism. We have a strong commitment to researching all these themes in a world-historical context, although individual faculty members are also experts in particular geographical and chronological fields, from Latin America to Japan.

Nick Breyfogle

Nicholas Breyfogle is specialist in environmental and water history globally, especially in Russia/Soviet Union. He is the author/editor of five volumes, with four more forthcoming. These include an environmental history of the world’s oldest and deepest lake, Lake Baikal, and edited works on Russian/Soviet environmental history, American environmental history in World War II, and global, comparative water history. For the last ten years he has been Editor of the online magazine, Origins: Current Events in Historical Perspective http://origins.osu.edu. He teaches courses on the history of water and plans future research on “water and war” and “a human history of water.” Breyfogle also serves on the Leadership Team of the Sustainable and Resilient Economy initiative at Ohio State.

John Brooke

John Brooke has been teaching Global Environmental History since 1994. He is the author of Climate Change and the Course of Global History: A Rough Journey, Cambridge University Press, 2014. This book presents an overview interpretation of the human condition over the past five million years integrating the recent advances in climate science, genetic and bioarcheaological studies, epidemiology, and energy-technology analysis with major questions of environmental, demographic, and economic history. As the director of the Center for Historical Research, he co-chaired the 2011-2013 CHR Program in Health, Disease, and Environment in World History. 

Phil Brown

Philip Brown is a specialist in early modern and modern Japanese history who teaches courses on the history of science, technology, medicine and the environment in pre-modern and modern East Asia and Japan.  His current research focuses on Japan's efforts to ameliorate the impact of floods over the 18th to early 21st centuries, a period that covers three very different political regimes. In addition to many articles on Japan's environment and technology, his monograph, Cultivating Commons: Joint Ownership of Arable Land in Early Modern Japan (University of Hawai'i Press), deals with village efforts to address natural hazard risk and microclimatic variation in agriculture.  He has co-edited with Bruce Batten Environment and Society in Japan (Oregon State University Press) and with David Wittner, Science, Technology and Medicine in the Modern Japanese Empire (Routledge).  He currently serves as an elected board member of the East Asian Environmental History Association.  He is a team member of a multi-million dollar five year Japanese project assessing the social response of pre-modern Japanese society to climate change.

Kent “Kip” Curtis

Kip Curtis is an environmental historian whose scholarship has focused on capitalism and nature in the western mining industry and Henry David Thoreau. His first book, Gambling on Ore: The Nature of Metal Mining in the United States, was published in 2013.  He is currently working on an essay exploring the role of mineral geography in shaping natural resource strategy during and after World War II and has begun a manuscript project exploring the intersection of gold rushes and cross-cultural violence in the 19th century United States West.  In addition to his historical scholarship he is leading a food systems intervention project in Mansfield Ohio as part of his Ecology and Social Justice initiative on campus.

Jennifer Eaglin

Jennifer Eaglin is an assistant professor of environmental history/sustainability. Her work focuses on the history of alternative energy in Brazil with particular focus on ethanol development in the twentieth century. She completed her doctorate at Michigan State University and is currently transforming her dissertation, “Sweet Fuel: The Socio-Political Origins of the Ethanol Industry in Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, 1933-1985” into a book manuscript. Eaglin is also a member of the Sustainable and Resilient Economy Discovery Group at OSU. 

Eaglin received her Master’s at Johns Hopkins University-School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) in Latin American Studies and International Economics with a specialization in Emerging Markets and her Bachelor’s from Spelman College.

Bart Elmore

Bart Elmore earned his B.A. in history from Dartmouth College in 2004 and his M.A. (2007) and Ph.D. (2012) from the University of Virginia, specializing in global environmental history and American history. In 2012, he accepted the Ciriacy-Wantrup Postdoctoral Fellowship in Natural Resource Economics and Political Economy at the University of California, Berkeley. He then served three years as Assistant Professor in the Department of History at the University of Alabama beginning in 2013 and helped start the department’s environmental history program before joining the OSU faculty in 2016. He was a Carnegie Fellow at New America for 2016-2017.

In addition to serving in the history department, Bart is a member of the Sustainable and Resilient Economy Discovery Group at OSU. His first book, Citizen Coke: The Making of Coca-Cola Capitalism (W. W. Norton, 2015) won the Axiom Business Book Award for best business commentary in 2015 and the Council of Graduate Schools 2016 Gustave O. Arlt Award in the Humanities. The project, which examines the environmental impact of Coca-Cola’s worldwide operations, grew out of his dissertation at the University of Virginia, but the roots of Bart’s interest in Coca-Cola run deeper, as he grew up in Atlanta, Georgia, the heart of Coke country. Continuing his research at the nexus of business and global environmental history, Bart is completing a manuscript that details the international ecological history of the Monsanto Company. He currently edits the Histories of Capitalism and the Environment Series at West Virginia University Press.

In addition to these pursuits, Bart works to reach beyond the academy and has contributed to The Huffington Post, Salon, and other popular media outlets. When not at his desk or teaching, he spends his time paddling down streams, biking up whatever hills he can find, and trekking to nearby mountains.

Susan Lawrence

Professor Lawrence received a PhD from the Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology at the University of Toronto. Prior to coming to Ohio State, she taught in the departments of History and Anatomy and Cell Biology at the University of Iowa and in the department of History at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. She has been active in the interdisciplinary group that has started a minor in medical humanities and a new MA in Medical Humanities and Social Sciences at OSU.

Professor Lawrence specializes in the history of medicine with specific research interests in privacy and research ethics (HIPAA, IRBs and the expansion of "human subjects" protections to the deceased) and the history of human dissection in medical education. Her most recent book is Privacy and the Past: Research, Law, Archives, Ethics (Rutgers University Press, 2017).  She is currently working on a book-length project with Susan E. Lederer about access to cadavers in American medical education from 1880 to 1980, with a particular emphasis on the rise of whole-body donation. She has also worked on the history of Civil War medicine, contributing to a multi-disciplinary digital project, Civil War Washington. Her first book focused on the history of hospitals, medical education and the medical profession in 18th century London: Charitable Knowledge: Hospital Practitioners and Pupils in Eighteenth Century London (Cambridge University Press, 1996).

Chris Otter

Chris Otter is a specialist in the history of technology, urban history, food history, the history of science, British history and global history. He was educated at the Universities of Oxford, Exeter and Manchester in his native UK, and taught at New York University before arriving at OSU in 2007. He is the author of The Victorian Eye: A Political History of Light and Vision in Britain, 1800-1910 (Chicago, 2008) which received the 2009 Morris D. Forkosch Prize from the American Historical Association and the 2008 Sonia Rudikoff Prize from the Northeast Victorian Studies Association. He is currently completing a history of nutritional transition and food systems in Britain from 1750 to today and is also working on a longer-term project on the deep history of technology and human niche-construction.

Geoffrey Parker

Geoffrey Parker has taught in the UK (Cambridge and St Andrews), Canada (UBC) and the US (Illinois, Yale, and Ohio State), and directed more than 30 doctoral dissertations to completion. He has published books and articles on military history (The Military Revolution: Military Innovation and the Rise of the West, 1988, revised edition 1996) and early modern Europe (Imprudent King: a new life of Philip II, 2014, paperback edition 2015). He has also published a major work of global environmental history, Global Crisis: War, Climate Change and Catastrophe in the Seventeenth Century (Yale University Press, 2013; paperback edition, 2014; abridged and revised edition, 2017). His work has been translated into many languages, and has won several prizes, including the biennial Heineken Prize for History in 2012 and a British Academy Medal for a landmark scholarly achievement (Global Crisis) in 2014.

Randy Roth

Randolph Roth is a professor of History and Sociology at Ohio State and a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He specializes in the history of the United States from colonial times to the present, with an emphasis on social and cultural history, the history of crime and violence, environmental history, the history of religion, the history of democracies, global history, quantitative methods, and social theory. He has served as a member of the National Academy of Sciences Roundtable of Crime Trends (2013-2016), which investigated the causes of the drop in crime rates across the affluent world since the 1970s, and as a member of the Editorial Board of the American Historical Review (2014-2017).

Professor Roth is the author of American Homicide (The Belknap Press of the Harvard University Press, 2009), which received the 2011 Michael J. Hindelang Award from American Society of Criminology for the outstanding contribution to criminology over the previous three years, and the 2010 Allan Sharlin Memorial Prize from the Social Science History Association for an outstanding book in social science history. American Homicide was also named one of the Outstanding Academic Books of 2010 by Choice.

Sam White

Sam White is associate professor of environmental history at the Ohio State University.  He earned his M.A. in Middle East Studies and Modern History from the University of St. Andrews (Scotland) in 2002 and his Ph.D. in history from Columbia University in 2008.  His research focuses on reconstructing historical climate and weather and their human impacts, drawing on written sources and scientific studies.  He is the author of two monographs—The Climate of Rebellion in the Early Modern Ottoman Empire (Cambridge University Press, 2011) and A Cold Welcome: The Little Ice Age and Europe’s Encounter with North America (Harvard University Press, 2017)—as well as various articles and chapters in both historical and scientific books and journals.  Prof. White is lead editor of the forthcoming Palgrave Handbook to Climate History and the co-founder and website administrator of the Climate History Network.  His publications have won several prizes, including the Middle East Studies Association Albert Hourani award and American Society for Environmental History Leopold-Hidy Award.  He teaches in various areas of global and American environmental history as well as Big History.

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