Explores the development of free Black communities in the era before the Civil War, focusing on emancipation, fugitive slaves, resistance movements and suffrage. Sometimes this course is offered in a distance-only format. Prereq: English 1110.xx and any History 2000-level course, or permission of instructor. Not open to students with credit for AfAmASt 3081. GE historical study and diversity soc div in the US course. Cross-listed in AfAmASt.